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SYRACUSE
Gelon I

485-478 BC

                AR Drachm (4.22 g, 15.5mm, 4).

      Struck: Circa 485-480 BC
      Obv: Horseman riding right.
      Rev: Diademed head of Arethousa right; ΣV-ЯAKOΣION around.
      Ref: Boehringer Series IV, 54 (V29/R37); HGC 2, 1359.
      Pedig: Ex Friend of a Scholar Collection (Classical Numismatic
                Review XLI.1, Spring 2016), no. 403398, purchased from
                Maison Platt, November 1984.

Notes: This coin is from the very rare first issue of drachms struck at Syracuse. The die break on the reverse under the neck of Arethousa apparently developed before or immediately after the issue was struck, as nearly all examples known have it. The few that appeared recently on the market without the die break may actually be modern forgeries.



Gelon II
Circa 275-215 BC

                AR 4 Litrai – Drachm (3.38 g, 16mm, 1).

      Struck: Circa 218-215 BC
      Obv: Diademed head left.
      Rev: ΓEΛΩNOΣ ΣYPAKOΣIOY
                Eagle standing right on thunderbolt; BA to left, Φ to right.
      Ref: CCO 297 (D1/R2); BAR Issue 67; HGC 2, 1563.

Notes: Gelon was the eldest son of Hieron II, king of Syracuse from 275-215 BC. Most references simply list him as such, but he actually was made king by his father shortly after his father was elevated to the position. Although his father was ostensibly the senior ruler, Gelon appears to have great latitude of autonomy. The exact dates of his rule as king are not known, but he did die shortly before his father, perhaps even in 216 BC. Gelon was a close friend of the famed Archemides, who dedicated a treatise, called Arenarius.