THE COLLECTION
RESOURCES
SELEUKID EMPIRE

SELEUKOS I Nikator
As Satrap, 320-315 BC


                AR Drachm (4.09 g, 17mm, 11). In the name of Philip III of Macedon.

      Mint: Babylon.
      Struck: Circa 320-319/8 BC.
      Obv: [no legend]
                Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress.
      Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ
                Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; wheel and monogram in left field,
                monogram below throne.
      Ref: Price P191.

Notes: The attribution of this issue to the 1st satrapy of Seleukos I is confirmed by the presence of the wheel issue in the November 2003 hoard (article by C. Lorber forthcoming). This hoard confirms the higher dating of the issues of Babylon proposed by N. Waggoner in her seminal die study of the Babylonian Alexanders, and refutes the low chronology of Price, followed by the authors of SC.



As King, 305-281 BC

                AR Drachm (4.25 g, 16mm, 1).

      Mint: Seleukeia in Pieria mint.
      Struck: Circa 300-281 BC.
      Obv: [no legend]
                Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress.
      Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ
                Zeus Nikephoros seated left; in left field, monogram in circle;
                KP below throne.
      Ref: SC 31; Le Rider, Antioche 28-9 (A1/P1); WSM 891 (same dies);
                Seleucus I Hoard 1137 (this coin).
      Pedig: 2005 Commerce ("Selucus I") Hoard (CH X, 265).

Notes: Seleukeia in Pieria was one of the four cities Seleukos founded near the Mediterranean coast of Syria. Located near the mouth of the Orontes River, Seleukeia served as the seaport of the Seleukid capital Antioch on the Orontes (another of the four cities). The population of the city were the previous inhabitants of the city of Antigoneia. Antigoneia was a major foundation of Seleukos' previous rival, Antigonos I Monophthalmos, and was therefore razed by Seleukos, and its inhabitants relocated to the new city of Seleukeia. Seleukeia was Seleukos' favorite cities, and was where he was buried following his death in 281 BC. The mint of Seleukeia primarily produced tetradrachms, though very rare drachms are known. The present coin is one of only 6 recorded: Le Rider recorded 2 examples (1 in Berlin, 1 in the Meydancikkale hoard), and another 4 examples were found in the 2005 Commerce ("Selucus I") Hoard (CH X, 265).



                AR Drachm (4.25 g, 15mm, 5). In the name of Alexander III of Macedon

      Mint: Susa mint.
      Struck: Circa 297/7-295/4 BC.
      Obv: [no legend]
                Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress.
      Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ
                Zeus Nikephoros seated left; [monogram in left field],
                AP below throne.
      Ref: SC 166.3; ESMS S-41; Price –; HGC 9, 27c; G.K. Jenkins, "Coin
                hoards from Pasargadae" in Iran III (1965), p. 49, 3 (same dies).
      Pedig: Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 354
                (1 July 2015), lot 209.

Notes: It is unknown why Price did not include this issue, as Jenkins' report of this issue dated to 1965, and was surely reported again in Jenkins' catalog of the Pasargadae coins in Stronach's volume on the excavations there in 1978. The omission, though likely an oversight by Price, suggests that the issue is very rare, and not represented in other sources consulted by Price.