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Orhan Gazi bin Osman
AH 724-761 / AD 1324-1360


                AR Akçe (1.14 g, 16mm, 10).

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Rev:


Ref:
Bursa(?).
Circa AH 739-760 / AD 1340-1359.
Within polylobe, Naskh legend, with ornament above:
         la ilah illa Allah | Muhammad | rasuluallah
         (There is no deity except God | Muhammad | is the messenger of God)
Within polylobe, Naskh legend, with ornament above:
         al-sultan al-'adil | Orhan bin Osman | khallada mulkahu
         (The just sultan | Orhan bin Osman | May his kingdom flourish)
Sr. 37; Sultan type 1, 1; Album 1288.1.


Murad I Hüdavendigâr (the Master)
AH 761-791 / AD 1360-1389


                AR Akçe (1.16 g, 12mm, 1).

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Ref:
Uncertain.
Third series, AH 783-91 / AD 1381-9.
Naskh legend, ornaments above and below:
         Murad bin | Orhan
         (same)
Naskh legend:
         khallada | mulkahu
         (May his kingdom flourish)
Sr. 13; Sultan type 2 var. (dots); Album 1289.


Bayezit I Yildirim ('the Thunderbolt')
AH 792-803 / AD 1389-1402


                AR Akçe (1.18 g, 13mm, 5).

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Ref:
Uncertain.
Dated AH 792 (AD 1389; immobilized).
Naskh legend:
         Beyazid | bin Murad
         (same)
Naskh legend, \ at end:
         khallada mulkahu | sene | 792
         (May his kingdom flourish | year | 792)
Sr. 4; Sultan type 28, 75-77; Album 1291.


Mehmed I Çelebi
As Lord, AH 805-816 / AD 1402-1413


                AR Akçe (0.90 g, 14mm, 4). Issue citing Timur as overlord.

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Ref:
Bursa.
Dated AH 806 (AD 1403/4).
Naskh legend:
         la ilah illa Allah | Muhammad rasuluallah | [duriba] Bursa 806
         (There is no deity except God | Mohammed is the Messenger of God | [struck] Bursa 806)
Naskh legend:
         Timur han Kurkan | [Mehmed] bin Bayezid han | khallada mulkahu
         (Lord Timur Kurkan | Lord [Mehmed] bin Bayezid | May his kingdom flourish)
Sr. 1; Sultan type 2, 306-310; Album 1294.


Murad II
First reign, AH 824-848 / AD 1421-1444


                AR Akçe (1.13 g, 13mm, 9).

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Ref:
Serez (Serres).
Dated AH 825 (AD 1421/2).
Naskh legend:
         825 | Murad bin Mehmed
         (same)
'Comma' beside date, two pellets in fields.
Naskh legend:
         khallada mulkahu | duriba Serez
         (May his kingdom flourish | Struck in Serez)
Three horizontal lines between, pellet at end of lower legend.
Sr. 45 var. (pellets); Sultan type 10, 374 var. (pellets); Album 1302.2.


Mehmed II el-Fatih (the Conqueror)
Second reign, AH 855-886 / AD 1451-1481


                AR Akçe (0.90 g, 10mm, 4).

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Ref:
Pedig:
Konstantiniye (Constantinople).
Dated AH 865 (AD 1460/1).
Naskh legend:
         Mehmed bin Murad han azze nasruhu 865
         (Mehmed son of Lord Murad, may his victory be glorious, 865)
Star in center.
Naskh legend:
         khallada mulkahu duriba be Konstantiniye
         (May his kingdom flourish, struck in Constantinople)
Star in center.
Sr. 92; Sultan type 108, 687; Album 1308.2.
Ex Album FPL 261 (April 2011), no. 831042.
Notes: This akçe is from the first coinage that Mehmed struck in the former Byzantine capital Constantinople after he finally defeated them there in 1453.



                AR Akçe (0.86 g, 11mm, 10).

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Ref:
Konstantiniye (Constantinople).
Dated AH 875 (AD 1470/1).
Naskh legend:
         Mehmed bin | Murad han | azze nasruhu | 875
         (Mehmed son of | Lord Murad | may his victory be glorious | 875)
Pellet(s) in field.
Naskh legend:
         khallada | mulkahu duriba be | Konstantiniye
         (May his kingdom | flourish, struck in | Constantinople)
Pellets in field.
Sr. 134; Sultan type 3-180, 784; Album 1308.3.



                AR Akçe (0.92 g, 12mm, 2).

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Ref:
Novar (Novo Brdo castle).
Dated AH 865 (AD 1460/1).
Naskh legend:
         Mehmed bin Murad han azze nasruhu [865]
         (Mehmed son of Lord Murad, may his victory be glorious, [865])
Star in center.
Naskh legend:
         khallada mulkahu duriba be Konstantiniye
         (May his kingdom flourish, struck in Constantinople)
Star in center.
Sr. 96; Sultan type 117b, 708; Album 1308.2.



Posthumous issue, AH 886 / AD 1481

                AR Akçe (0.71 g, 12mm, 10).

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Ref:
Pedig:
Konstantiniye (Constantinople).
Dated AH 886 (AD 1481).
Naskh legend:
         Mehmed | sultan | bin | Murad han
         (Sultan Mehmed, son of Lord Murad)
Pellet(s) in field.
Naskh legend:
         azze nasruhu | Konstantiniye | duriba sanat | 886
         (May his victory be glorious | Constantinople | struck in year | 886)
Pellets around(?).
Sr. 150 var. (pellets); Sultan type 246, 881; Album 1308.5.
Ex Album FPL 234 (May 2008), no. 66304.


Bayezit II Veli
AH 886-918 / AD 1481-1512


                AR Akçe (0.75 g, 10mm, 8).

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Ref:
Kratova.
Dated AH 886 (AD 1481).
Naskh legend:
         Sultan Beyazit | bin Mehmet Han
         (same)
Naskh legend:
         'azze nasruhu duriba | Kratova sanat 886
         (May his victory be glorious struck in | Kratova year 886)
Sr. 54; Sultan -; Album 1312.


Sulayman I Qanuni ('the Lawgiver')
AH 926-974 / AD 1520-1566


                AR Akçe (0.69 g, 11mm, 7).

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Ref:
Pedig:
Kratova.
Dated AH 926 (AD 1520).
Naskh legend:
         Sultan | Sulayman Shah | bin Selim | Shah
         (same)
Star in center.
Naskh legend:
         ['azze nasru]hu duriba | [Kra]tova | sanat | 9[26]
         ([May his victory be glori]ous struck in | [Kra]tova | year | 9[26])
Star in center.
Sr. 03; Sultan type 3/3, 1098; Album A1321.1.
Ex Album FPL 261 (April 2011), no. 831071.



                AR Akçe (0.72 g, 12mm, 8).

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Ref:
Pedig:
Novaberda (Novo Brdo).
Dated AH 926 (AD 1520).
Naskh legend:
         Sultan | Sulayman Shah | bin Selim | Shah
         (same)
Star in center.
Naskh legend:
         'azze | nasruhu | duriba | Novaberda | sanat | [926]
         (May his victory | be glorious | struck in | Novaberda | year | [926])
Star in center.
Sr. 50 var. (position of pellets); Sultan -; Album 1321.1.
Ex Album FPL 234 (May 2008), no. 800893.
Notes: The date is immobilized on these issues of Novaberda. This particular type belongs to the second period of Sulayman's coinage, circa AH 947-962 / AD 1540-1555.



                AR Akçe (0.44 g, 11mm, 11).

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Ref:
Pedig:
Srebreniçe.
Dated AH 926 (AD 1520).
Naskh legend:
         [Sultan] | [Sulayman] Shah | [bin] Selim | Shah
         (same)
Star in center.
Naskh legend:
         ['azze nasruhu duriba] | [Sreb]reniçe | 92[6] | sanat
         (May his victory | be glorious | struck in | Novaberda | year | [926])
Star in center.
Sr. 09; Sultan -; Album A1321.1.
Ex Album FPL 261 (April 2011), no. 831073.
Notes: This coin is a flip-over double strike. On the right side of the obverse, the reverse words nasruhu and duriba are visible. On the upper part of the reverse, the obverse words Sultan and Shah are visible..


Mehmed III Adli
AH 1003-1012 / AD 1595-1603


                AR Akçe (0.31 g, 11mm, 9).

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Ref:
Novaberda (Novo Brdo).
Dated AH 1003 (AD 1595).
Naskh legend:
         Mehmed in center, continuing around, clockwise from bottom: Sultan bin Murad Khan
         (Sultan Mehmed bin Murad Khan)
Naskh legend:
         'azze nasruhu | duriba [ sanat? ] | Novaberda | 1003
         (May his victory be glorious | struck in, year | Novaberda 1003)
Sr. 04; Sultan type 9/3, 1405-6; Album 1344.2.