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HUGUES II
Circa 939/955-991


                AR Denier (1.26 g, 21mm, 6). Immobilized type of Charles le Simple (the Simple).

      Mint: Le Mans.
      Struck: Uncertain.
      Obv: + CrΛTΛ D–I rEX
                KAROLVS monogram.
      Rev: + CIN◊MΛNS CIVITΛS
                Cross pattée.
      Ref: Legros 553; Fécamp 8310; Poey d'Avant -;
                Duplessy, Féodales 397; Roberts -.
      Pedig: Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic
                Auction 377 (29 June 2016), lot 616 .


HERBERT I Éveille-Chien
1014/5-1032/5


                AR Denier (1.34 g, 21mm, 2).

      Mint: Le Mans.
      Struck: Circa 1030-1032/5.
      Obv: + COMES CENOmANIS
                Monogram of Herbert (Erbertus).
      Rev: + SIGNVM DEI VIVI
                Cross pattée; alpha and inverted omega hanging from
                arms, two pellets above.
      Ref: Hucher p. 33, pl. III, 1-2; Saulges hoard 1-26; Legros -;
                Poey d'Avant -; Duplessy, Féodales 397; Roberts -.



                AR Denier (1.34 g, 20mm, 8).

      Mint: Le Mans.
      Struck: Circa 1030-1032/5.
      Obv: + COMES CENOmANIS
                Monogram of Herbert (Erbertus).
      Rev: + SIGNVM DEI VIVI
                Cross pattée; alpha and inverted omega hanging from
                arms, two pellets above.
      Ref: Hucher p. 33, pl. III, 1-2; Saulges hoard 1-26; Legros -;
                Poey d'Avant -; Duplessy, Féodales 397; Roberts -.

Notes: Coinage in the name (monogram) of Herbert I is one of the most common early feudal French coins. The vast majority, though, are immobilized issues struck after his death for over two centuries, until the coinage in the name of either Charles I or II (of Anjou) in the later 13th century. These coins are from the only (and very rare) issue that can be definitively dated to the reign of Herbert I, which is characterized by an "archaic M" on the obverse, and a "cursive G" on the reverse. The issue was first analyzed by Hucher, but was strangely missed by all major catalogues of French feudal coins, until the analysis of a group discovered in the Saulges hoard. In his analysis of the Saulges (Mayenne) hoard Duplessy noted: "Part of the coins of Le Mans have a thin, broad flan, with interesting epigraphic characteristics (cursive G, archaic M) that allow them to be assigned to Herbert I, as Hucher had thought. These deniers also occur elsewhere in the Saumur hoard, deposited between 1035 and 1040 [J. Duplessy, Le trésors monétaires médiévaux et modernes découverts en France, Supplément I, 751-1223 (Paris, 1985), no. 339]. There is nothing that can be said to contradict the traditional view, espoused by Hucher, that the minting of this issue began in 1030." While the "cursive G" was used on the early immobilized issues, the "archaic M" was never used again.